If a patient dies within 18 months of their major resection for rectal cancer how are they included in the 18-month stoma rate?

The outcome is the proportion of rectal cancer patients with a stoma which has not been reversed within 18 months, whether the patient died or not. A patient with a stoma who dies within 18 months before having their stoma reversed is included in the numerator and the denominator of the 18-month stoma rate. Dying before a stoma is reversed is a poor outcome which, it was felt, should not be excluded from the estimate.